极低温区循环载荷作用下Nb3Sn复合超导体的变形损伤及其应变率效应数值模拟

黄敏 朱本浩 肖革胜 乔力

黄敏, 朱本浩, 肖革胜, 乔力. 极低温区循环载荷作用下Nb3Sn复合超导体的变形损伤及其应变率效应数值模拟[J]. 高压物理学报, 2024, 38(2): 024201. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20230755
引用本文: 黄敏, 朱本浩, 肖革胜, 乔力. 极低温区循环载荷作用下Nb3Sn复合超导体的变形损伤及其应变率效应数值模拟[J]. 高压物理学报, 2024, 38(2): 024201. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20230755
HUANG Min, ZHU Benhao, XIAO Gesheng, QIAO Li. Simulation on Deformation Damage and Strain Rate Effect of Nb3Sn Composite Superconductors under Cycling Load at Extreme Low Temperature[J]. Chinese Journal of High Pressure Physics, 2024, 38(2): 024201. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20230755
Citation: HUANG Min, ZHU Benhao, XIAO Gesheng, QIAO Li. Simulation on Deformation Damage and Strain Rate Effect of Nb3Sn Composite Superconductors under Cycling Load at Extreme Low Temperature[J]. Chinese Journal of High Pressure Physics, 2024, 38(2): 024201. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20230755

极低温区循环载荷作用下Nb3Sn复合超导体的变形损伤及其应变率效应数值模拟

doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20230755
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(11772212,12272249),山西省基础研究计划资助项目(202303021211070)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    黄 敏(1998-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事电磁固体力学研究. E-mail:Joker__01@163.com

    通讯作者:

    乔 力(1984-),男,博士,教授,主要从事微纳米尺度材料力学和电磁固体力学研究. E-mail:qiaoli@tyut.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O347

Simulation on Deformation Damage and Strain Rate Effect of Nb3Sn Composite Superconductors under Cycling Load at Extreme Low Temperature

  • 摘要: Nb3Sn超导体在循环载荷下的变形损伤行为研究对揭示超导体临界性能不可逆退化背后的力学机制具有重要意义。采用分子动力学模拟方法研究了极低温条件下单晶和多晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料在循环载荷下的变形损伤行为,同时分析了应变率对Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料变形损伤和断裂行为的影响。结果表明:单晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料在循环载荷作用后,Nb3Sn层出现滑移,当滑移带交错处的局部应力大于材料强度时,在滑移带交错处微裂纹萌生,致使复合材料中Nb3Sn层断裂失效;而多晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料则由于晶界处应力在循环载荷下得不到松弛,当应力峰值超过晶界强度时,在晶界处萌生微裂纹,导致复合材料中Nb3Sn层发生沿晶断裂。Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料在不同应变率下表现出不同的断裂方式。随着应变率的增加,单晶Nb3Sn层中的滑移带数量增加,导致单晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料的韧性增强。而多晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料中,晶界对材料强度的影响随着应变率的增加而降低,高应变率下,复合材料在Nb3Sn层局部断裂后具有较大的剩余强度。研究结果将有助于理解Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料在循环载荷下的损伤演化过程,为材料的性能优化设计提供一定的理论指导。

     

  • 图  分子动力学计算模型

    Figure  1.  Initial computational model for molecular dynamics

    图  循环过程中应变加载卸载模式

    Figure  2.  Strain loading-unloading mode during cyclic process

    图  单晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料的拉伸应力-应变曲线和位错演变

    Figure  3.  Tensile stress-strain curves and dislocation evolution maps for single crystal Nb3Sn/Nb composite materials

    图  4.2 K的低温环境中不同应变增幅的循环载荷作用下单晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料的应力-应变曲线

    Figure  4.  Stress-strain curves of single crystal Nb3Sn/Nb composite material under cyclic loading at different strain amplitudes in 4.2 K

    图  循环过程中单晶和多晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料卸载曲线对应的模量变化

    Figure  5.  Modulus variation in the unloading curves ofsingle crystal and polycrystalline Nb3Sn/Nb compositematerials during the cyclic loading process

    图  4.2 K低温环境中循环载荷作用下单晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料的应力-应变曲线

    Figure  6.  Stress-strain curves of single crystal Nb3Sn/Nb composite materials under cyclic loading at 4.2 K

    图  单次循环中单晶Nb3Sn/Nb、Nb3Sn和Nb基体的加载与卸载曲线

    Figure  7.  Loading and unloading curves of single crystal Nb3Sn/Nb, Nb3Sn layer and Nb matrix during a single cycle

    图  4.2 K的低温环境中单晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料处于应变峰值时的损伤演化

    Figure  8.  Damage evolution of single crystal Nb3Sn/Nb at the peak strain under 4.2 K

    图  单晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料循环过程中原子应变云图

    Figure  9.  Atomic strain distribution during the cyclic process of single crystal Nb3Sn/Nb

    图  10  4.2 K低温环境中单晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料沿x轴方向拉伸时的原子应力云图

    Figure  10.  Atomic stress distribution of single crystal Nb3Sn/Nb under tensile loading along the x-axis at 4.2 K

    图  11  4.2 K低温环境中单晶Nb3Sn/Nb材料中Nb基体部分位错密度随时间的变化

    Figure  11.  Variations of dislocation density in the Nb matrix of single crystal Nb3Sn/Nb material over time in a low-temperature environment of 4.2 K

    图  12  循环过程中Nb基体中的位错类型

    Figure  12.  Types of dislocations in Nb matrix during cycling process

    图  13  Nb基体中位错的湮灭过程

    Figure  13.  Annihilation process of dislocation in the Nb matrix

    图  14  Nb基体中通过位错反应生成全位错

    Figure  14.  Generation of full dislocations through dislocation reactions in the Nb matrix

    图  15  4.2 K低温环境中循环载荷下多晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料的应力-应变曲线

    Figure  15.  Stress-strain curves of polycrystalline Nb3Sn/Nb composite material under cyclic loading at 4.2 K

    图  16  单次循环中多晶Nb3Sn/Nb、Nb3Sn和Nb基体的加载与卸载示意图

    Figure  16.  Loading and unloading curves of polycrystalline Nb3Sn/Nb, Nb3Sn layer and Nb matrix during a single cycle

    图  17  4.2 K低温环境中多晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料在循环加载过程中的原子应变云图

    Figure  17.  Atomic strain distribution during the cyclic process of polycrystalline Nb3Sn/Nb during cyclic loading at a low temperature of 4.2 K

    图  18  循环过程中多晶Nb3Sn层中晶界的微观原子演化

    Figure  18.  Microscopic atomic evolution of grain boundaries in polycrystalline Nb3Sn layer during the cyclic process

    图  19  卸载过程中多晶Nb3Sn层晶界处的微裂纹扩展行为

    Figure  19.  Microcrack propagation behavior at grain boundaries of polycrystalline Nb3Sn layers during unloading process

    图  20  4.2 K低温环境中不同应变率下单晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料的循环加载应力-应变曲线

    Figure  20.  Cyclic loading stress-strain curves of single crystal Nb3Sn/Nb under different strain rates at 4.2 K

    图  21  4.2 K低温环境中不同应变率下单晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料极限强度下的应变

    Figure  21.  Strain at the ultimate strength of single crystal Nb3Sn/Nb composite materialat different strain rates at 4.2 K

    图  22  4.2 K低温环境中应变峰值为0.150时不同应变率下模拟卸载过程的应力-应变曲线对比

    Figure  22.  Comparison of simulated stress-strain curves during the tension-unloading at different stress rates, a temperature of 4.2 K and a peak strain of 0.150

    图  23  不同应变率下应变峰值为0.150时单晶Nb3Sn中原子结构演化与Nb基体中的位错分布

    Figure  23.  Evolution of atomic structure in single crystal Nb3Sn and distribution of dislocations in Nb matrix at different strain rates at peak strain of 0.150

    图  24  不同应变率下达到极限强度时单晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料中Nb3Sn层的微结构

    Figure  24.  Microstructure of the Nb3Sn layer in single crystal Nb3Sn/Nb composite material varies with different strain rates at the ultimate strength

    图  25  4.2 K低温环境中不同应变率下多晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料的循环加载应力-应变曲线

    Figure  25.  Cyclic loading stress-strain curves of polycrystalline Nb3Sn/Nb composite materials under different strain rates at 4.2 K

    图  26  4.2 K的低温环境中不同应变率下多晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料在极限强度下的应变

    Figure  26.  Strain at the ultimate strength of polycrystalline Nb3Sn/Nb composite materialvaries with different strain rates at 4.2 K

    图  27  不同应变率下多晶Nb3Sn/Nb复合材料在极限强度时Nb3Sn层的应变云图和微观原子结构

    Figure  27.  Atomic strain distribution and structure of Nb3Sn layer in polycrystalline Nb3Sn/Nb under different strain rates when ultimate strength

    表  1  Nb3Sn单晶的弹性常数和晶格常数

    Table  1.   Elastic constant and lattice constant of Nb3Sn single crystal

    Method C11/GPa C12/GPa C44/GPa Lattice constants/Å
    MD simulations (300 K) 284.11 95.84 53.76 5.21
    Experimental results (300 K) 253.85 112.44 39.62 5.29
    MD simulations (4.2 K) 333.18 127.09 53.71 5.17
    Ab initio simulations (0 K) 284.83 107.73 67.07 5.32
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-10-17
  • 修回日期:  2023-11-25
  • 录用日期:  2023-12-25
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-01-21
  • 刊出日期:  2024-04-05

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