透明陶瓷的超高压制备研究进展

邓佶睿 刘方明 刘银娟 刘进 贺端威

邓佶睿, 刘方明, 刘银娟, 刘进, 贺端威. 透明陶瓷的超高压制备研究进展[J]. 高压物理学报, 2018, 32(1): 010104. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20170598
引用本文: 邓佶睿, 刘方明, 刘银娟, 刘进, 贺端威. 透明陶瓷的超高压制备研究进展[J]. 高压物理学报, 2018, 32(1): 010104. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20170598
DENG Jirui, LIU Fangming, LIU Yinjuan, LIU Jin, HE Duanwei. Progress in Preparation of Transparent Ceramics under High Pressure[J]. Chinese Journal of High Pressure Physics, 2018, 32(1): 010104. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20170598
Citation: DENG Jirui, LIU Fangming, LIU Yinjuan, LIU Jin, HE Duanwei. Progress in Preparation of Transparent Ceramics under High Pressure[J]. Chinese Journal of High Pressure Physics, 2018, 32(1): 010104. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20170598

透明陶瓷的超高压制备研究进展

doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20170598
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金 51472171

国家自然科学基金 11427810

详细信息
    作者简介:

    邓佶睿(1990-), 男, 博士研究生, 主要从事透明陶瓷的超高压制备研究.E-mail:dengrave@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    贺端威(1969-), 男, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事高压物理、超硬材料、大腔体静高压技术研究.E-mail:duanweihe@scu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O521.2;O521.3

Progress in Preparation of Transparent Ceramics under High Pressure

  • 摘要: 透明陶瓷是一种具有广阔应用前景的新一代无机非金属材料。本文介绍一种非传统的透明陶瓷制备方法——超高压烧结。相对于传统的制备方法,超高压烧结具有烧结温度低、烧结时间短、致密度高、抑制晶粒长大等特点,对制备纳米结构透明陶瓷具有独特的优势。着重介绍了近年来超高压烧结透明陶瓷的研究成果和进展,包括钇铝石榴石(YAG)、镁铝尖晶石、氧化铝等常见透明陶瓷的超高压低温烧结,以及纳米聚晶金刚石(NPD)、B-C-N、Si3N4等超硬透明陶瓷的高温高压制备,并对透明陶瓷的高压烧结机理进行分析和总结。

     

  • 图  MgAl2O4样品光学图像[52]

    Figure  1.  Optical images of MgAl2O4 samples[52]

    图  在不同温压条件下烧结的MgAl2O4陶瓷图像[15]

    Figure  2.  Images of sintered MgAl2O4 ceramics samples at various pressures and temperatures[15]

    图  在烧结温度600℃下MgAl2O4陶瓷样品的晶粒尺寸及残余应力与烧结压力的关系[15]

    Figure  3.  Residual stress and crystallite size vs.sintering pressure at a desired temperature of 600℃[15]

    图  在烧结压力4GPa下MgAl2O4陶瓷样品的晶粒尺寸及残余应力与烧结温度的关系[15]

    Figure  4.  Residual stress and crystallite size vs.sintering temperature under a desired loading pressure of 4GPa[15]

    图  (a) 超高压处理后的样品照片(插图为素坯); (b)切薄、抛光后的样品在反射光下能看见蓝十字; (c)切薄、抛光后的样品在透射光下能看见蓝线[62]

    Figure  5.  (a) Image of high pressure compacted spinel after recovery from high pressure cell (The inset shows the green impact.); (b) image of blue cross-hair visible below thinned and polished spinel using reflected light; (c) image of blue line below thinned and polished spinel using transmitted light[62]

    图  不同压力条件下烧结的Nd:YAG照片[70]

    Figure  6.  Images of Nd:YAG sintered under different pressures[70]

    图  7.7GPa、不同温度条件下烧结的YAG照片[73]

    Figure  7.  Images of YAG sintered at 7.7GPa and different temperatures[73]

    图  5GPa、不同温度条件下烧结的YAG照片[57]

    Figure  8.  Images of YAG sintered at 5GPa and different temperatures[57]

    图  450℃、不同压力条件下的YAG照片[57]

    Figure  9.  Images of YAG sintered at 450℃ and different pressures[57]

    图  10  高压作用下晶粒形状随压力的变化[74]

    Figure  10.  Transformation of grain shape under high pressures[74]

    图  11  7.7GPa、不同温度条件下烧结的氧化铝陶瓷照片[58]

    Figure  11.  Images of alumina ceramic sintered at 7.7GPa and different temperatures[58]

    图  12  不同温度和压力条件下烧结的氧化铝陶瓷金相显微图像及光学图像[61]

    Figure  12.  Metallographic and corresponding optical images of alumina ceramic sintered at different pressures and temperatures[61]

    图  13  在5.0GPa、不同温度下烧结的氧化铝陶瓷样品金相显微图像及光学图像

    (样品厚度为0.6mm; (a)、(b)、(c)为纯微米球形粉体烧结样品,(d)、(e)、(f)为混合粉体烧结样品; (a)和(d)的烧结条件为5.0GPa、700℃; (b)和(e)的烧结条件为5.0GPa、900℃; (c)和(f)的烧结条件为5.0GPa、1100℃)[89]

    Figure  13.  Metallographic and corresponding optical images of alumina ceramic sintered at 5.0GPa and various temperatures

    (The sample thickness is 0.6mm; (a), (b) and (c) are samples sintered with pure spherical powder, and (d), (e) and (f) are samples sintered with mixed powder; (a) and (d) are samples sintered at 5.0GPa and 700℃, (b) and (e) are samples sintered at 5.0GPa and 900℃; (c) and (f) are samples sintered at 5.0GPa and 1100℃.)[89]

    图  14  NPD的光学图像[51]

    Figure  14.  Optical image of synthesized NPD[51]

    图  15  NPD的光学照片[111]

    Figure  15.  Optical image of NPD[111]

    图  16  在20GPa、2500K条件下合成的金刚石-cBN复合材料[114]

    Figure  16.  Image of diamond-cBN alloy synthesized at 20GPa, 2500K[114]

    图  17  在18GPa、2000℃条件下合成的纳米金刚石-立方氮化硅复合材料[118]

    Figure  17.  Nanocrystalline diamond+c-Si3N4 composites synthesized at 18GPa and 2000℃[118]

    图  18  在15.6GPa、1800℃条件下合成的c-Si3N4纳米透明陶瓷[60]

    Figure  18.  Nanocrystalline form of c-Si3N4 synthesized at 15.6GPa and 1800℃[60]

    图  19  在15GPa、不同温度条件下合成的钙铝石榴石纳米透明陶瓷的透射电镜和光学图像[59]

    Figure  19.  Transmission electron microscope and optical microscope images of polycrystalline grossular samples synthesized at 15GPa and different temperatures[59]

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  • 收稿日期:  2017-06-24
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