多晶铌酸钾钠在高压下的声学和弹性性质研究

肖礼康 冯秋 房雷鸣 周章洋 熊政伟 蓝江河 杨佳 刘艺 高志鹏

肖礼康, 冯秋, 房雷鸣, 周章洋, 熊政伟, 蓝江河, 杨佳, 刘艺, 高志鹏. 多晶铌酸钾钠在高压下的声学和弹性性质研究[J]. 高压物理学报, 2023, 37(6): 061101. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20230660
引用本文: 肖礼康, 冯秋, 房雷鸣, 周章洋, 熊政伟, 蓝江河, 杨佳, 刘艺, 高志鹏. 多晶铌酸钾钠在高压下的声学和弹性性质研究[J]. 高压物理学报, 2023, 37(6): 061101. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20230660
XIAO Likang, FENG Qiu, FANG Leiming, ZHOU Zhangyang, XIONG Zhengwei, LAN Jianghe, YANG Jia, LIU Yi, GAO Zhipeng. Acoustic and Elastic Properties of Polycrystalline Potassium Sodium Niobate under High Pressures[J]. Chinese Journal of High Pressure Physics, 2023, 37(6): 061101. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20230660
Citation: XIAO Likang, FENG Qiu, FANG Leiming, ZHOU Zhangyang, XIONG Zhengwei, LAN Jianghe, YANG Jia, LIU Yi, GAO Zhipeng. Acoustic and Elastic Properties of Polycrystalline Potassium Sodium Niobate under High Pressures[J]. Chinese Journal of High Pressure Physics, 2023, 37(6): 061101. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20230660

多晶铌酸钾钠在高压下的声学和弹性性质研究

doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20230660
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金委-中国工程物理研究院NSAF联合基金(U2230119);四川省自然科学基金(2022NSFSC0333);四川省杰出青年基金(22JCQN0005)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    肖礼康(1983-),男,硕士,高级工程师,主要从事电磁材料的物性与微波器件研究. E-mail:13678019141@163.com

    冯 秋(1999-),男,本科,主要从事铁电材料的制备与性能研究. E-mail:1792883857@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    高志鹏(1985-),男,博士,研究员,主要从事高压物理研究. E-mail:18881179363@163.com

  • 中图分类号: O521.2

Acoustic and Elastic Properties of Polycrystalline Potassium Sodium Niobate under High Pressures

  • 摘要: 在压力和温度分别为10 GPa和1050 ℃的条件下制备了Na0.5K0.5NbO3陶瓷样品,采用超声干涉法测量了样品在不同静水压力下的压缩波速和剪切波速。通过三阶有限应变状态方程拟合,获得了多晶Na0.5K0.5NbO3的体积模量(172.6 GPa)和剪切模量(54.6 GPa)及其压力依赖性。研究发现,样品的杨氏模量随着压力的升高而增大。基于弹性模量数据,得到样品的泊松比为0.342,表明材料具有延展性,但在高压下展现出脆性。随着压力的升高,维氏硬度和断裂韧性均增强;通过经验模型,得到陶瓷样品的维氏硬度为2.40 GPa,断裂韧性为2.33 MPa·m1/2。基于弹性波速度和密度数据,推导出Na0.5K0.5NbO3陶瓷的徳拜温度为 513.1 K,Grüneisen常数γ为2.113。这些结果为评估Na0.5K0.5NbO3在高压下的声学性质和弹性相关的综合性质提供了科学依据,同时为Na0.5K0.5NbO3在高压下的工程应用提供了参考。

     

  • 图  Na0.5K0.5NbO3高压烧结实验样品组装剖面图

    Figure  1.  Cross-sectional view of the experimental sample assembly for high-pressure sintering of Na0.5K0.5NbO3

    图  大体积压机中高压超声测量组件的横截面(a)和高压下超声干涉测量声波的传播路径及其波形(b)

    Figure  2.  Cross-section of the high-pressure ultrasonic measuring components in a large-volume press (a) and propagation path and waveform during ultrasonic interference measurement of sound waves under high pressures (b)

    图  多晶Na0.5K0.5NbO3陶瓷样品在高压下的典型超声信号

    Figure  3.  Typical ultrasonic signal of polycrystalline Na0.5K0.5NbO3 ceramic under high pressures

    图  初始Na0.5K0.5NbO3粉末(a)和高压烧结后的多晶Na0.5K0.5NbO3陶瓷(b)的XRD谱

    Figure  4.  XRD patterns of the initial Na0.5K0.5NbO3 powder (a) and polycrystalline Na0.5K0.5NbO3 ceramics sintered under high pressure (b)

    图  700 ℃烧结后粉料(a)和高压高温烧结制备的Na0.5K0.5NbO3陶瓷(b)的SEM图像

    Figure  5.  SEM images of the powder after sintering at 700 ℃ (a) and Na0.5K0.5NbO3 ceramic prepared by high-pressure and high-temperature sintering (b)

    图  Na0.5K0.5NbO3陶瓷在选定压力下的压缩波和剪切波的波形数据

    Figure  6.  Waveform data of compression wave and shear wave for Na0.5K0.5NbO3 ceramics under selected pressures

    图  多晶Na0.5K0.5NbO3的晶胞体积(a)、vpvs (b)、KG (c)随压力的变化

    Figure  7.  Variations of cell volume (a), vp and vs (b), K and G (c) with pressure for polycrystalline Na0.5K0.5NbO3

    图  Na0.5K0.5NbO3的弹性模量对比

    Figure  8.  Comparison of the elastic modulus of Na0.5K0.5NbO3 material

    图  杨氏模量、德拜温度(a)、Grüneisen常数及泊松比(b)与压力的关系

    Figure  9.  Variations of Young’s modulus, Debye temperature (a), Grüneisen constant and Poisson’s ratio (b) with pressure

    表  1  Na0.5K0.5NbO3陶瓷在高压下的原位超声弹性波速测量结果

    Table  1.   Experimental results of in-situ ultrasonic elastic wave velocity measurement of Na0.5K0.5NbO3 ceramics under high pressures

    p/GPaL/mmρ/(g·cm−3)vp/(km·s−1)vs/(km·s−1)K/GPaG/GPaE/GPaΘ/K$ \nu $γ
    2.6600.820(4)4.55(3)7.53(2)3.69(1)175.1(2.6)62.0(0.9)166.5(2.5)531.3(8.0)0.3422.063
    3.4500.820(4)4.57(3)7.59(2)3.82(1)174.3(2.6)66.6(0.9)177.1(2.7)549.1(8.2)0.3311.980
    4.2800.818(4)4.59(3)7.62(2)3.91(1)173.1(2.6)70.0(1.1)185.1(2.8)562.0(8.4)0.3221.916
    5.0500.817(4)4.61(3)7.65(2)3.98(1)172.5(2.6)73.0(1.1)192.0(2.9)573.0(8.6)0.3141.866
    6.1700.815(4)4.64(3)7.68(2)4.07(1)171.7(2.6)76.7(1.2)200.4(3.0)586.0(8.8)0.3061.808
    7.2300.813(4)4.67(3)7.72(2)4.14(1)171.7(2.6)79.9(1.2)207.5(3.1)596.8(8.9)0.2991.764
    8.2300.812(4)4.70(3)7.75(2)4.19(1)172.6(2.6)82.5(1.2)213.4(3.2)605.4(9.1)0.2941.736
    9.1700.811(4)4.72(3)7.79(2)4.23(1)173.8(2.6)84.3(1.3)217.8(3.3)611.5(9.2)0.2911.719
    10.8300.808(4)4.76(3)7.84(2)4.27(1)176.8(2.6)86.9(1.3)224.0(3.4)619.7(9.3)0.2891.705
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  Na0.5K0.5NbO3与结构相似的压电材料的体积模量、剪切模量和杨氏模量的对比

    Table  2.   Comparison of volumetric modulus, shear modulus, and Young’s modulus of Na0.5K0.5NbO3 and structurally similar piezoelectric materials

    SampleK0/GPaG0/GPaE0/GPaRef.
    Na0.5K0.5NbO3172.654.6154.3This work
    Na0.5K0.5NbO383.345.3115.0Ref. [30]
    Na0.5K0.5NbO3127.747.2126.0Ref. [31]
    C-KNbO3195.49127.21298.45Ref. [23]
    C-KNbO3147.33102.37249.36Ref. [24]
    O-KNbO3110.257.7147.5Ref. [25]
    O-KNbO3173.6282.76181.97Ref. [26]
    O-KNbO3172.8953.44145.35Ref. [27]
    NaNbO3181.76233.5490.52Ref. [28]
    NaNbO3193.85108.41274.12Ref. [29]
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-05-15
  • 修回日期:  2023-06-14
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-10-22
  • 刊出日期:  2023-12-15

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