高温高压下花岗岩部分熔融时的电导率

王双杰 易丽 王多君 申珂玮 韩珂楠

王双杰, 易丽, 王多君, 申珂玮, 韩珂楠. 高温高压下花岗岩部分熔融时的电导率[J]. 高压物理学报, 2020, 34(5): 051201. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20200502
引用本文: 王双杰, 易丽, 王多君, 申珂玮, 韩珂楠. 高温高压下花岗岩部分熔融时的电导率[J]. 高压物理学报, 2020, 34(5): 051201. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20200502
WANG Shuangjie, YI Li, WANG Duojun, SHEN Kewei, HAN Kenan. Experimental Conductivity of Partial Melt Granite at High Temperature and Pressure[J]. Chinese Journal of High Pressure Physics, 2020, 34(5): 051201. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20200502
Citation: WANG Shuangjie, YI Li, WANG Duojun, SHEN Kewei, HAN Kenan. Experimental Conductivity of Partial Melt Granite at High Temperature and Pressure[J]. Chinese Journal of High Pressure Physics, 2020, 34(5): 051201. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20200502

高温高压下花岗岩部分熔融时的电导率

doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20200502
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(41373060);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(Y954012)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王双杰(1992-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事矿物电学性质研究. E-mail:1193938748@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    王多君(1974-),男,博士,教授,主要从事矿物物理、地球内部物理研究.E-mail:duojunwang@ucas.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O732; P574.1

Experimental Conductivity of Partial Melt Granite at High Temperature and Pressure

  • 摘要: 大地电磁测深结果显示青藏高原中上地壳存在高导层,而花岗岩是地壳岩石的主要组成部分,在地壳演化过程中发挥着重要作用。在高温高压下开展花岗岩部分熔融时电导率实验对认识青藏高原地壳电性结构及地壳演化过程具有重要意义。在0.5~2.0 GPa压力、773~1 373 K温度条件下测量花岗岩的电导率。实验结果表明:在温度为773~1 223 K时,样品的活化焓为1.01~1.09 eV;在温度为1 223~1 373 K时,样品的活化焓为2.16~2.97 eV。不同温度段内活化焓的变化可能与花岗岩样品中黑云母的脱水熔融有关,推断花岗岩部分熔融时导电机制为离子导电,Na+起主导作用。将实验测得的电导率与西藏高导层地壳温度背景结合发现:在973~1 223 K范围内实验电导率值在0.016~0.310 S/m范围内,与大地电磁测深数据吻合较好,表明西藏地壳高导层的成因与花岗岩部分熔融关系较为密切。

     

  • 图  样品高压电导率测量组装示意图

    Figure  1.  Sample assembly for high pressure conductivity measurement

    图  压强1.0 GPa、温度773 ~1 373 K条件下花岗岩样品相角和模随频率的变化

    Figure  2.  Respectively changes of phase angle and modulus of impedance as the function of frequency for granite at 1.0 GPa and 773-1 373 K

    图  1.0 GPa、773~1 373 K条件下样品的复阻抗谱

    Figure  3.  Complex impedance spectra of the samples at 1.0 GPa and 773-1 373 K

    图  0.5~2.0 GPa压强下电导率随温度的变化

    Figure  4.  Electrical conductivity as the function of temperatures at 0.5-2.0 GPa

    图  高压实验前(a)、后(b)样品的扫描电镜图像

    Figure  5.  Images of scanning electron microscope for the samples before (a) and after (b) the experiment

    图  花岗岩电导率实验结果对比

    Figure  6.  Comparison of the conductivity results in this work with previous data

    图  基于实验室电导率模型与大地电磁结果对比

    Figure  7.  Comparison of laboratory-based conductivity profile established with the result of the upper crust derived from MT conductivity model

    表  1  花岗岩样品的矿物成分及含量

    Table  1.   Compositions of the minerals in granite

    CompoundsContent/%
    QuartzK-feldsparAlbiteBiotite
    Na2O0.0080.77410.8870.319
    MgO0.002002.694
    Al2O30.11318.77122.01920.368
    SiO297.19667.11765.80540.506
    SrO0.2880.6390.2400
    K2O0.02615.1750.1448.342
    CaO0.0160.0031.5500.084
    MnO0.0230.07200.470
    FeO0.0870.0960.01624.901
    TiO20.0690.10302.147
    Total97.828102.750100.66199.831
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同压力下花岗岩样品电导率的Arrhenius关系拟合参数

    Table  2.   Fitting parameters of Arrhenius relationship of the conductivity of granite samples under different pressures

    p/GPaT/Klg $\sigma $0/(S·m−1)ΔH/eV
    0.5 773-1 223 3.53 ± 0.08 1.01 ± 0.01
    1 223-1 373 11.66 ± 1.00 2.97 ± 0.26
    1.0 773-1 223 3.82 ± 0.09 1.09 ± 0.02
    1 223-1 373 8.38 ± 0.63 2.16 ± 0.16
    2.0 773-1 223 3.64 ± 0.09 1.06 ± 0.02
    1 223-1 373 8.22 ± 0.59 2.21 ± 0.13
    下载: 导出CSV
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