碳纤维-手撕钢复合材料的力学性能及除冰功能

闻贞 张国亮 蒋麒 李永存 郭章新 栾云博

闻贞, 张国亮, 蒋麒, 李永存, 郭章新, 栾云博. 碳纤维-手撕钢复合材料的力学性能及除冰功能[J]. 高压物理学报, 2023, 37(5): 054101. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20230661
引用本文: 闻贞, 张国亮, 蒋麒, 李永存, 郭章新, 栾云博. 碳纤维-手撕钢复合材料的力学性能及除冰功能[J]. 高压物理学报, 2023, 37(5): 054101. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20230661
WEN Zhen, ZHANG Guoliang, JIANG Qi, LI Yongcun, GUO Zhangxin, LUAN Yunbo. Mechanical Property and De-Icing Function of Carbon Fibre-Hand-Torn Steel Composites[J]. Chinese Journal of High Pressure Physics, 2023, 37(5): 054101. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20230661
Citation: WEN Zhen, ZHANG Guoliang, JIANG Qi, LI Yongcun, GUO Zhangxin, LUAN Yunbo. Mechanical Property and De-Icing Function of Carbon Fibre-Hand-Torn Steel Composites[J]. Chinese Journal of High Pressure Physics, 2023, 37(5): 054101. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20230661

碳纤维-手撕钢复合材料的力学性能及除冰功能

doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20230661
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(12041201);山西省基础研究计划项目(202203021211126,202203021211122)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    闻 贞(1995-),男,硕士,主要从事复合材料研究. E-mail:2531148360@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    栾云博(1984-),女,博士,副教授,主要从事复合材料研究. E-mail:luanyunbo@tyut.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O347; TB333

Mechanical Property and De-Icing Function of Carbon Fibre-Hand-Torn Steel Composites

  • 摘要: 碳纤维增强复合材料因其轻质高强等优异特性,在轨道交通、航空航天等领域具有重要作用。然而,作为高空飞行器表面结构材料,碳纤维复合材料在低温环境中存在力学性能衰减和结冰等问题,严重影响了其服役安全性。以单向碳纤维预浸料和不锈钢超薄带即手撕钢为原材料,采用铺层固化的方法,设计了不同裁剪形状的手撕钢与碳纤维铺层的“碳纤维-手撕钢”复合材料,并对其在电流驱动下的力学性能和除冰功能进行研究。研究表明,手撕钢不仅能够改善复合材料内部的应力分布,提升力学性能,而且由于手撕钢的电流致热效应,能够实现复合材料的温度调控,从而进一步改善材料的强度和吸能特性。此外,手撕钢的裁剪宽度对于调控电流通路及其致热效应具有重要影响,是优化材料力学性能和除冰功能的关键因素。研究结果对于“碳纤维-手撕钢”复合材料的力学设计和电流驱动除冰功能实现具有一定的指导意义,并有望在航天航空等领域得到重要应用。

     

  • 图  三点弯曲层合板铺层设计方案

    Figure  1.  Lay-up design scheme of three-point bending laminate

    图  不同电流通路宽度的手撕钢层合板

    Figure  2.  Hand-torn steel laminates with different current path widths

    图  三点弯曲样品通电实验和力学性能测试

    Figure  3.  Three-point bending sample energization test and mechanical property test

    图  3种样品的三点弯曲测试结果

    Figure  4.  Three-point bending test results of three kinds of samples

    图  碳纤维-手撕钢层合板在不同电流强度下的弯曲测试结果

    Figure  5.  Bending test results of carbon fibre-hand-torn steel laminates at different current strengths

    图  不同电流通路宽度层合板表面稳态温度随电流变化和温度场分布

    Figure  6.  Steady-state temperature variation of laminate surface with current and temperature field distribution for different current path widths

    图  电流通路宽度为10 mm的层合板通入2.5 A电流后不同时刻样品表面的温度场

    Figure  7.  Temperature field on the surface of a laminate with a current path width of 10 mm after applying 2.5 A current at different moments

    表  1  材料的基本属性

    Table  1.   Basic material properties

    Material Tensile strength/MPa Density/(g·cm3) Thickness/mm
    HTS 1130 7.26 0.02
    CFRP 1800 1.80 0.20
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  三点弯曲样品通电方案

    Table  2.   Three-point bending sample energization scheme

    SamplesCurrent/A
    CFRPNo power
    HTS-CFRPNo power
    Cut HTS-CFRP0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  电流致热样品通电方案

    Table  3.   Energizing samples with current heating

    Width of hand-torn steel/mmCurrent/A
    200, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5
    150, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5
    100, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5
    50, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 1.8
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-05-15
  • 修回日期:  2023-06-11
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-10-12
  • 刊出日期:  2023-11-07

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