冲击加载下金属铝中氦泡演化行为的相场模拟

万曦 姚松林 裴晓阳

万曦, 姚松林, 裴晓阳. 冲击加载下金属铝中氦泡演化行为的相场模拟[J]. 高压物理学报, 2022, 36(1): 014203. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20210791
引用本文: 万曦, 姚松林, 裴晓阳. 冲击加载下金属铝中氦泡演化行为的相场模拟[J]. 高压物理学报, 2022, 36(1): 014203. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20210791
WAN Xi, YAO Songlin, PEI Xiaoyang. Phase Field Modeling of the Evolution of Helium Bubbles in Shock Loaded Aluminum[J]. Chinese Journal of High Pressure Physics, 2022, 36(1): 014203. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20210791
Citation: WAN Xi, YAO Songlin, PEI Xiaoyang. Phase Field Modeling of the Evolution of Helium Bubbles in Shock Loaded Aluminum[J]. Chinese Journal of High Pressure Physics, 2022, 36(1): 014203. doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20210791

冲击加载下金属铝中氦泡演化行为的相场模拟

doi: 10.11858/gywlxb.20210791
基金项目: 冲击波物理与爆轰物理重点实验室基金(6142A03191009)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    万 曦(1995-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事高压物理力学研究. E-mail:wanxi18@gscaep.ac.cn

    通讯作者:

    裴晓阳(1980-),男,博士,副研究员,主要从事动态变形研究. E-mail:peixiaoyang2000@sina.com

  • 中图分类号: O347.3

Phase Field Modeling of the Evolution of Helium Bubbles in Shock Loaded Aluminum

  • 摘要: 氦泡等缺陷对金属材料动态强度的影响一直是动态强度研究关注的重点。将相场方法引入冲击加载下氦泡演化行为研究中,通过与晶体塑性理论耦合,建立了可描述冲击下氦泡早期演化行为的介观模拟技术。应用该方法,针对含氦泡的金属铝材料,从介观尺度对氦泡的演化行为及其对位错集体演化行为的影响进行了研究。结果表明:氦泡结构的非均匀性导致局域应力集中和塑性变形集中,局域塑性变形集中会导致沿冲击波传播方向发射稀疏波;从能量守恒角度上看,在材料变形过程中氦泡生长与塑性变形呈竞争关系,塑性耗散的快慢直接影响氦泡的生长速率,使其发生改变。研究结果可为解读含氦泡材料的宏观屈服强度和层裂行为提供理论支撑。

     

  • 图  几何模型

    Figure  1.  Geometry model

    图  应力波传播示意图

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of evolution of stress wave

    图  冲击波到达后(0.1 ns时刻)氦泡附近的局域化效应

    Figure  3.  Localization effect near the helium bubble at the arrival of the shock wave (0.1 ns)

    图  冲击压缩过程中可动位错密度的演化

    Figure  4.  Evolution of mobile dislocation density during shock compression

    图  不同时刻氦泡周围的可动位错密度分布

    Figure  5.  Distribution of the mobile dislocation density around helium bubbles at different time

    图  不同时刻氦泡序参量的空间分布

    Figure  6.  Spatial distribution of order parameter at different times

    图  第1次与第2次卸载波到达后氦泡的演化行为

    Figure  7.  Evolution of helium bubbles when the first and second unloading waves arrive

    图  氦泡生长速率随时间的变化关系

    Figure  8.  Time history of the growth rate of helium bubbles

    图  氦泡附近纵向应力演化历史

    Figure  9.  Time history of longitudinal shear stress near the helium bubbles

    图  10  在300 K环境温度、100 m/s的加载速度下不同模型模拟的氦泡长大速率

    Figure  10.  Growth rates of helium bubbles simulated by different constitutive models at 300 K and impact velocity of 100 m/s

    图  11  不同环境温度下氦泡生长速率对比

    Figure  11.  Comparison of growth rates of helium bubble at different ambient temperatures

    图  12  不同初始位错密度下氦泡生长速率的对比

    Figure  12.  Comparison of growth rates of helium bubble under different initial dislocation densities

    图  13  两个氦泡的长大聚集过程

    Figure  13.  Growth and aggregation of two helium bubbles

    图  14  1.0 ns时刻氦泡附近的可动位错密度与临界分切应力分布

    Figure  14.  Contours of mobile dislocation density and critical shear stress near helium bubble at 1.0 ns

    图  15  两个氦泡距离较远时1.0 ns时刻的序参量分布

    Figure  15.  Distribution of order parameters at 1.0 ns when two helium bubbles are far apart

    图  16  较多初始氦泡时的冲击演化行为

    Figure  16.  Impact evolution behavior of more initial helium bubbles

    表  1  状态方程参数与声子拖曳系数

    Table  1.   Parameters of equation of states and phonon drag coefficients

    Material${\,\rho }{_{0} }/$(g·cm−3)${c}{_{0}}/$(m·s−1)$ \lambda $$\varGamma$${B}{_{0}}/$(10−5 Pa·s)${B{'} }{_{T} }$/(10−7 Pa·s·K−1)
    Al2.7753201.382.101.341.00
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  弹性常数及其关于温度的导数

    Table  2.   Elastic constants and temperature derivatives of the elastic constants

    Material${c}{_{11}}$/GPa${c}{_{12}}$/GPa${c}{_{44}}$/GPa$\dfrac{ \mathrm{d}{c}{_{11} } }{\mathrm{d}T } \big/$(GPa·K−1)$\dfrac {\mathrm{d}{c}{_{12} } }{\mathrm{d}T} \big/$(GPa·K−1)$\dfrac {\mathrm{d}{c}{_{44} } }{\mathrm{d}T } \big/$(GPa·K−1)
    Al114.2261.9431.60−3.83−0.68−1.51
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  晶体塑性模型参数

    Table  3.   Parameters of the crystal plasticity model

    Material${\alpha }{_{\mathrm{H}\mathrm{N} }}$/m−2${\alpha }{_{\mathrm{M}\mathrm{u}\mathrm{l}\mathrm{t} } }$${\alpha }{_{\mathrm{a}\mathrm{n}\mathrm{n}\mathrm{i} } }$${v}{_{\mathrm{I} }}$/(m·s−1)${A}{_{\mathrm{I} } }$${\tau }{_{0}}$/MPa${\,\rho }{_{\mathrm{i}\mathrm{n}\mathrm{i}\mathrm{t}\mathrm{i}\mathrm{a}\mathrm{l} } }$/m−2
    Al1.0×10220.51101.00.4221×1011
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  相场模型参数

    Table  4.   Parameters of the phase field model

    Materail$ L/ $(${\mathrm{P}\mathrm{a} }{^{-1} }{\cdot \mathrm{s} }{^{-1} }$)$\,\beta$/N$W/\left(\mathrm{J}{\cdot \mathrm{k}\mathrm{g} }{^{-1} }{\cdot \mathrm{K} }{^{-1} }\right)$
    Al50000
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-05-12
  • 修回日期:  2021-06-29

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